QatarEnergy has signed two sales and purchase agreements with ConocoPhillips to deliver up to 2 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Germany.
A ConocoPhillips unit will buy the agreed quantities to be delivered to the German LNG terminal, which is currently under development in Brunsbüttel, with deliveries expected to start in 2026, the state-owned energy company said on Tuesday.
The LNG will be sourced from the two joint ventures between QatarEnergy and ConocoPhillips that hold interests in Qatar’s North Field East and North Field South projects, the company said.
“The agreements mark the first ever long-term LNG supply to Germany with a supply period that extends for at least 15 years, thus contributing to Germany’s long-term energy security,” Saad Al Kaabi, Qatar’s Minister of State for Energy Affairs, said.
“This is a concrete demonstration of QatarEnergy’s resolve to provide reliable energy supplies to all major markets around the world, and of our commitment to the German people.”
The agreement will help Germany diversify its supplies as it grapples with dwindling Russian gas exports.
To replace Russian gas in the short-term, Germany and other European countries have brought coal-fired power plants back into operation and this has triggered concerns about their ability to meet climate commitments.
“Germany is the largest gas market in Europe, with significant demand in the industrial, power, and household sectors, and we are committed to contribute to the energy security of Germany and Europe at large,” said Mr Al Kaabi.
Europe has also boosted its LNG imports from the US and Gulf countries following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. To resolve existing bottlenecks, several EU countries are increasing their LNG import capacity by pumping more money into building new terminals.
The deal indicates that Europe is beginning to “tire” of Russia’s intermittent supply and is increasingly seeking long-term alternatives, Zongqiang Luo, senior analyst at Rystad Energy, said.
“Europe’s gas market continues to adapt to the possibility of a winter of ever lower Russian gas volumes, despite Gazprom withdrawing its threat to cut gas flows via Ukraine’s Sudzha entry point.”
The Ukraine transit route is one of two pipelines still moving gas from Russia to Europe after the Nord Stream 1 pipeline supply was suspended indefinitely in September.
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